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US citizenship test beginning December 2020 will be harder, longer, and more complicated - 128 civics questions and answers, instead of 100 (2008 version).
"The new civics education test that immigrants who apply for citizenship through naturalization starting in December must take orally is longer and more complicated than its previous version. It now consists of 128 questions and answers.
In the revised naturalization test announced by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), the officer who is serving at the time of the eligibility interview with USCIS will ask each applicant a total of 20 questions. An immigrant must answer 12 out of 20 questions correctly to pass the civics portion of the naturalization test.
Previously, the USCIS officer asked a total of 10 questions from a general bank of 100 civics questions. An applicant had to correctly answer six of those 10 questions to pass.
Furthermore, in the previous test, if an immigrant answered six questions correctly before reaching the last one, this component of the exam ended. In the revised test, even if the person answers 12 questions correctly, the officer must continue to ask all 20.
They removed all the geography questions about oceans, rivers and states and added more questions about politics, the presidency, Congress, the Supreme Court, and the founding fathers.
Some questions from the older version remains the same, but the answer changed - Question #31. In the new test, 57 questions remained the same, 13 have been reworded, and five require more answers. The rest are brand new.
Experts have said that the questions have a higher level of complexity. Here are some examples:
— Question 51 in the old test: What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Question 65 in the new test: What are three rights of everyone living in the United States?
— Question 64 in the old test: There were 13 original states. Name three.
Question 81 in the new test: There were 13 original states. Name five.
— Question 100 in the old test: Name two national U.S. holidays.
Question 126 in the new test: Name three national U.S. holidays.
- Question 31in both the old and new test, “Who does a U.S. senator represent?”
In the test 2008 version the answer was “All people of the state.” In the 2020 version, the answer is “Citizens of their state.”
The new question 41 already covers the answers of questions 42, 43, 44 and 45.
The question asks applicants to name one power of the president. The answers are: “Signs bills into law; vetoes bills; enforces laws; Commander in Chief (of the military); Chief diplomat.”
Questions 42 to 45 ask who has each of those powers. The answers are all the same: “The President (of the United States).”
Most of the information about the New Civics test, Quotes Daniel Roth of the Miami Herald, December 2, 2020, www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/us-citizenship-test-will-be-harder-here-s-where-to-find-the-new-questions-and-answers/ar-BB1byVzd?ocid=Peregrine
General Eligibility Requirements
- Be at least 18 years old at the time you file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
- Be a permanent resident (have a “Green Card”) for at least 5 years.
- Demonstrate continuous residence in the United States for at least 5 years immediately before the date you file Form N-400.
- Show that you have been physically present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the 5 years immediately before the date you file Form N-400.
- Show that you have lived for at least 3 months in the state or USCIS district where you apply. Students may apply for naturalization either where they go to school or where their family lives (if they are still financially dependent on their parents).
- Be a person of good moral character.
- Demonstrate an attachment to the principles and ideals of the U.S. Constitution.
- Be able to read, write, and speak basic English.
- Have a basic understanding of U.S. history and government (civics).
- Take an oath of allegiance to the United States.
Watch this USCIS Naturalization Interview and Test Video
This is a 16-minute video that provides an overview of the naturalization process and testing requirements.
These are scenes from the naturalization interview, including the English and U.S. history and government (civics)
portions of the naturalization test that serves as a guide.
Additional information can be found on the United States Citizenship and Immigration Website.